by Jason Becker
The AWS D1.1 Structural Steel Code book has a plethora of prequalified welding processes and joint designations, making it, in my opinion, the most useful code book to teach the various processes of welding.
The codebook even gives acceptance criteria for various types of inspections like visual and guided bend.
Today we will discuss the SMAW test in the flat position with a groove weld, more commonly referred to as a flat groove weld. This is a very common test for industry, as most weldments in a shop environment are made in the flat position because of simplicity, speed, and pass rate. It is also a great test for new welders. The horizontal, vertical, and overhead positions of this test are more difficult and will require a greater skill and proficiency to master. The 1G test is a great option to test students as it will build their confidence and teach them the proper bead placement, joint preparation and fit-up. The prep, fit-up, and bead sequence will not change much when taking this weldment out of position. As a student or employee takes this qualification test, they will learn an abundance of information regarding the aforementioned topics.
The test can be welded using stringers, or weaves but will ultimately be determined by the accompanying Welding Procedure Specification (WPS). The WPS should list out all parameters in the test to include amperage, joint fit-up, bead sequence, electrode specification and diameter, type of material and tolerances.
As basic as it may seem, we have had several requests for this video and how to perform the test. A lot of students, and new welders watch our channel and its often easy to overlook some of the more basic tests and processes that they will be tested to. This video give an in-depth overview and step-by-step instructions on exactly how to take and pass the exam.
We hope that you have found the content in this video informative and educational. Make sure to leave a comment if you have any questions regarding this test, and we will do our best to help you out. Until next time Make Every Weld Better Than Your Last.